Hurricane Ian: How many Category 5 hurricanes have hit the US?

As Hurricane Ian moves toward landfall in Florida, the sustained winds from the storm are just short of the strongest category of named tropical systems.

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If Ian makes landfall in the U.S. as a Category 5 hurricane, it will be only one of five other storms to have that distinction.

In the past 100 years, there have been 35 Atlantic hurricanes that have reached Category 5 status.

Here are the five storms that have made landfall in the U.S. with sustained winds at 157 mph and above.

1928: The San Felipe II Hurricane (also known as the Okeechobee Hurricane) hits Puerto Rico — hurricanes were not given names in the early 1900s, they were mostly known by the place where they made landfall.

On Sept. 13, 1928, a Category 5 hurricane with winds of 160 mph hit the U.S. territory of Puerto Rico, the second hurricane to make landfall in Puerto Rico on the San Felipe festival day. The storm killed 300 people and destroyed thousands of homes.

1935: The Labor Day Hurricane makes landfall in the Florida Keys. The Labor Day Hurricane was the first recorded Category 5 hurricane to hit the continental U.S.

While no devices were available to measure wind speeds, a pressure of 26.35 inches — or 892 millibars — measured at Long Key, Florida makes this the most intense hurricane of record to hit the United States.

The storm came in over Matecumbe Key, destroying a hotel and sweeping out to sea hundreds of World War I veterans who were being evacuated on a train as the storm surge came in.

1969: Hurricane Camille hits Louisiana and Mississippi. Hurricane Camille was believed to have winds of around 175 mph, but the exact mileage is not known because the storm knocked out wind speed recording devices as it made landfall on Aug. 17, 1969.

In 1953, the United States began naming hurricanes exclusively after women. One of these was Hurricane Camille, a storm that landed along the Mississippi Gulf Coast late in the evening of Aug. 17, 1969. On the Gulf Coast, 143 people were killed when the storm struck. It traveled across the country and caused flash flooding that killed 113 people in West Virginia.

1992: Hurricane Andrew makes landfall in Florida.

On Aug. 24, 1992, Hurricane Andrew reached sustained winds of 165 mph as it made landfall near Homestead, Florida. The storm, which was the third-most intense hurricane on record to hit the United States at the time, killed 61 people.

Andrew produced a 17-foot storm surge near the landfall in Florida, then went on to hit Louisiana with storm tides of at least 8 feet.

2018: Hurricane Michael hits the Big Bend area of Florida. Hurricane Michael had maximum sustained winds of 160 mph when it made landfall near Mexico Beach, Florida.

The storm caused the deaths of more than 40 people across the U.S.

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